International Experience Canada (IEC) is a program designed to allow youth the opportunity to work in Canada for temporary periods.

Citizens of countries with a bilateral Youth Mobility Arrangement with Canada who are between 18 and 35 years old may be eligible for IEC work permits.

The IEC program is composed of three categories:

Working Holiday

Participants in this program can receive an open work permit, valid for one to two years. Open work permits allow participants to work anywhere in Canada for almost any Canadian employer. Nationals of some countries may be allowed to stay in Canada for more or less than one year.

Young Professionals

Under this program, citizens of participating countries can gain valuable international experience by working for a Canadian company. A signed job offer letter or contract of employment with a Canadian employer related to the applicant’s professional development is required before applying.The job offered must be classified as a National Occupation Code (NOC) Skill Type Level 0, A, or B.

International Co-op

This program allows citizens of participating countries who are enrolled at a post-secondary institution in their country of citizenship to spend a period of time interning for Canadian companies. Participants must arrange co-op placements with Canadian employers before applying. Applicants must be registered students for the duration of the internship.


Eligibility requirements for the IEC program

Candidates must:

  • be a citizen (passport holder) of one of the 34 countries that have a bilateral Youth Mobility Arrangement with Canada;
  • have a valid passport for the duration of their stay in Canada (the work permit issued will not be longer than the validity of the passport),
  • be between the ages of 18 and 30 or 35 at the time of application (the upper age limit depends on the applicant’s country of citizenship);
  • have the equivalent of $2,500 CAN upon landing to help cover initial expenses;
  • be able to take out health insurance for the duration of their stay (participants may have to present evidence of this insurance at the point of entry in Canada);
  • be admissible to Canada;
  • have, prior to departure, a round-trip ticket or the financial resources to purchase a departure ticket for the end of their authorized stay in Canada,
  • not be accompanied by dependents; and
  • pay the appropriate fees.

Please note that specific age and eligibility requirements may vary by country.


How the IEC works

The IEC operates on an Expression of Interest/Invitation to Apply model. Eligible candidates create an IEC profile, but must receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) before they may submit an application.

The following is a chronological step-by-step overview of how the IEC program works:

  • Complete the Come to Canada questionnaire and, if eligible, get your personal reference code.
  • Use this code to create your online account.
  • Complete the remaining steps in the IEC profile builder.
  • Submit your profile and choose the IEC pools you want to be in.
  • If you receive an Invitation to Apply via your account, you will 10 days to start your application or to decline the invitation. If you accept, click the “Start Application” button in your account to start the work permit application process.
  • After you press the button “Start Application”, you have 20 days from that day, regardless of whether you accept on day 1 or 10, to complete, pay and submit the work permit application.
  • For Young Professional and International Coop categories,your employer needs to pay the $230 Employer Compliance Fee through the Employer Portal before your 20 days expire. Ask your employer to send you the offer of employment number they will get after they have paid their fees. You need this number to apply for your work permit.)
  • Upload all supporting documents, including police and medical exam certificates, if applicable (if you don’t have the supporting documents, you can upload proof that you have applied to undertake a medical exam and that a police certificate request has been sent).
  • Pay your participation fee of CAD $150 with a credit card through the online payment system in your account.
  • For Working Holiday Category, applicants pay their open work permit holder fee of CAD $100 at this time as well.
  • At this point, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) begins its temporary work permit application assessment. IRCC may ask you to provide additional documents. This is the last chance to withdraw from IEC and obtain refunds. IRCC typically processes complete applications within eight weeks.
  • If the application is successful, a letter of introduction (LOI) will be sent to your account. The official name of the document is Port of Entry (POE) Introduction Letter.
  • This letter is to be presented upon arrival at a Port of Entry (such as an international airport) in Canada, whereupon a work permit may be obtained.

Although no work permit extensions are authorized under the IEC program, there are certain scenarios that allow participants to increase the validity of an IEC work permit.

Countries with bilateral Youth Mobility Arrangement with Canada

The validity/length of each visa type is specified in the three central columns and will depend on the nationality of the applicant and the visa type that he or she has applied for.

CountryWorking HolidayYoung ProfessionalsInternational Co-opAge Limit
AustraliaUp to 24 monthsUp to 24 monthsUp to 12 months18-30
AustriaN/AUp to 12 monthsUp to 6 months18-35
BelgiumUp to 12 monthsN/AN/A18-30
ChileUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
Costa RicaUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
CroatiaUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
Czech RepublicUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
DenmarkUp to 12 monthsN/AN/A18-35
EstoniaUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
France*Up to 24 monthsUp to 24 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
GermanyUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
GreeceUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
Hong KongUp to 12 monthsN/AN/A18-30
IrelandUp to 24 monthsUp to 24 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
ItalyUp to 12 months (of which up to six months may be paid employment)N/AN/A18-35
JapanUp to 12 monthsN/AN/A18-30
Korea, Rep.Up to 12 monthsN/AN/A18-30
LatviaUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
LithuaniaUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
NetherlandsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsN/A18-30
New ZealandUp to 23 monthsN/AN/A18-35
NorwayUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
PolandUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
Portugal (starting in 2019 EIC season)Up to 24 monthsUp to 24 monthsUp to 24 months18-35
San MarinoUp to 12 monthsN/AN/A18-35
SlovakiaUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
SloveniaUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
SpainUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
SwedenUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 months18-30
SwitzerlandN/AUp to 18 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
TaiwanUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 monthsUp to 12 months18-35
United KingdomUp to 24 monthsN/AN/A18-30

*Citizens can participate in special IEC student summer job initiatives exclusive to their country.

NOTE: Canada’s bilateral Youth Mobility Arrangements with Mexico and Ukraine are currently under view and Invitations to Apply for an IEC permit are not being issued at this time.